Patellar tendinitis is an injury to the tendon connecting your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone. The patellar tendon works with the muscles at the front of your thigh to extend your knee so that you can kick, run and jump.
Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper’s knee, is most common in athletes whose sports involve frequent jumping — such as basketball and volleyball. However, even people who don’t participate in jumping sports can get patellar tendinitis.
In children, patellar tendonitis is called; Jumper’s Knee.
It is an inflammation or injury of the patellar tendon, the cord-like tissue that joins the patella (kneecap) to the tibia (shin bone). Jumper’s knee is an overuse injury (when repeated movements cause tissue damage or irritation to a particular area of the body).
Constant jumping, landing, and changing direction can cause strains, tears, and damage to the patellar tendon. So kids who regularly play sports that involve a lot of repetitive jumping — like track and field (particularly high-jumping), basketball, volleyball, gymnastics, running, and soccer — can put a lot of strain on their knees.
Jumper’s knee can seem like a minor injury that isn’t really that serious. Because of this, many athletes keep training and competing and tend to ignore the injury or attempt to treat it themselves. But it’s important to know that jumper’s knee is a serious condition that can get worse over time and ultimately require surgery. Early medical attention and treatment can help prevent continued damage to the knee.
Common symptoms of jumper’s knee include:
Less common symptoms include:
Jumper’s knee is first evaluated by a grading system that measures the extent of the injury (grades range from 1 to 5, with grade 1 being pain only after intense activity and grade 5 being daily constant pain and the inability to participate in any sporting activities).
While examining the knee, the chiropractor will ask the patient to run, jump, kneel, or squat to determine the level of pain. In addition, an X-ray or MRI might be recommended. Depending on the grade of the injury, treatment can range from rest and icepacks to surgery.
For mild to moderate jumper’s knee, treatment includes:
These are cheap, easy to perform treatments that you can do it home in your own time. You should try to do as many of these as possible each day.
1. Eccentric single leg decline squats—3 sets of 15 reps, twice per day.
2. Ice Cup Massage before and after exercise for 5-8 minutes.
3. Gently stretch your hamstrings and quads a few times a day.
4. Massage your hamstrings and quads with a foam roller.
5. Chiropractic Adjustments to the knee and surrounding areas to ensure the knee is in proper alignment with the tibia/ fibula and femur. Any rotation can cause knee pain to continue as well as low back pain to arise as the body is compensating while walking/running.
Recovering from jumper’s knee can take a few weeks to several months. It’s best to stay away from any sport or activity that can aggravate the knee and make conditions worse.
However, recovering from jumper’s knee doesn’t mean that someone can’t participate in any sports or activities. Depending on the extent of the injury, low-impact sports or activities can be substituted (for instance, substituting swimming for running). Your chiropractor will let you know what sports and activities are off-limits during the healing process.
Are you or someone you know suffering from patellar tendonitis? If so, give us a call and schedule an appointment at Pierce Chiropractic and Sports Injury Center.